If you own and love your motorcycle, then the change in season is probably be calling you to ride. Long, lazy days were made for that head-clearing ride out of town. Whether you ride solo, or you’re with a friend, the joy of being on that bike is enough to make you smile. Or does it fill you with dread? Of all the vehicles sharing that road with you, chances are the high-performance sports car is the one that you look out for the most. Isn’t it funny how the thing you love can suddenly be a symbol of everything you hate?

You’re Sweating Your ***s Off

It’s hot. Summer is definitely here, and all the speed in the world isn’t making you any cooler. The sun is literally roasting you inside your leathers. Then something sleek and sporty pulls up next to you at the junction. It’s got tinted windows, and the guy in the front couldn’t be more comfortable in his air-conditioned bliss. Remember the old days, before universal climate control, and the hell of sitting in a roasting car in summer? Long gone, just like the guy in his car while you’ve been sat there idling with jealousy.

You Can’t Feel The Breeze In Your Hair

Let’s face it – helmets are lifesavers. Of course, they’re a legal requirement in most places too. But they mean the fate of your hair is unlikely to be good. Helmet hair is bad enough. Add the sweat and heat from a hot day, and you’re not going to be looking good when you take the lid off. Gone are the days where you can feel the breeze in your hair. Now the guys in the high-end convertibles are making the most of that with their tops down. Envy?

Summer Gives You Leather Rash

Perhaps the worst part about wearing your biking gear in blistering heat is that actual blisters it can deliver. In the very least you’ll be getting a bit of a rash from the lack of air circulating under your leathers. Have a look at websites like http://www.webmd.boots.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/contact-dermatitis to find something that might reduce the discomfort. Meanwhile, the car full of teens driving Daddy’s TT are loving the top down and wild wind as they’re speeding alongside you down the road.

The **** In The Car Fancies A Race

Of course, summer seems to bring out the idiots. You’re on a high-performance motorcycle, and he’s in a high-performance sports model. He edges up to the line while you’re waiting for the light to go green. The revs are roaring louder and louder, and he’s making some sort of hand gesture that seems indicative of his IQ. All that’s going to happen is he’s going to fishtail right in front of you while you’re trying not to inhale all those fumes and tire smoke.

The **** In The Car Decides You’re A ****

OK, the point of being on a motorcycle is to get through the traffic with ease. You’re small, and he’s big. So what does he do? He catches up with you and starts shouting, gesturing, and weaving in front of you to scare the life out of you. Sure, you admire the car, but the guy in it is a dangerous idiot who’s going to end up causing an accident. If he does hit your motorcycle, you should look up websites like http://www.caseyshomolaw.com/west-palm-beach-motorcycle-accident-lawyer/ to see the best course of action. You’re very prone to injury from any kind of mishap on a motorcycle. Accident or not, you’re going to need to legal help to make sure you’re OK.

You Get A Face Full Of Exhaust

You never fully realize just how thick and stinking the exhaust can be from a high-performance car. Driving them is great. You can feel the power under the hood, and you can hear the process of acceleration. But when you’re on your motorcycle, and you’re behind one of these beauties, the face full of fumes can put you off for life!

Wide Cars Take Up Half The Road To Make A Turn

We all know that the fastest cars are low to the ground. They’re wider and more aerodynamic than your standard family hatch. And yes, they’re designed to go forwards at incredible speeds. That doesn’t mean they can’t turn left and right. Why is it that so many drivers find it necessary to take up half the road to make an easy turn? Just as you think you can weave past them on your motorcycle, they suddenly swerve out to get around a corner. If you’re not careful, you’ll be in the back of them!

The **** In The Car Doesn’t Even See You

Motorbikes are smaller than cars. They are faster than cars. And they’re definitely more maneuverable than cars. But they’re not invisible. They’re not silent, and they have human riders on the back. Perhaps the worst nightmare for the motorcyclist is the self-absorbed **** in the high-performance sports car who’s pushing the accelerator and doesn’t even spot you. That’s when disaster can strike. It doesn’t have to be at a junction or even an accident hot spot.

So how can you make the most of your ride without getting riled up about every other driver out there? You can’t always expect every other driver to make concessions for you. Sure, you want to ride like there’s nobody else out there. You want to push the engine and test your mettle. The trouble is, there’s probably someone else on the road wanting to do the same thing, and if the two of you collide, it could be disastrous. There is a time and place for that, so make sure you choose wisely.

As for our beloved sports cars, maybe it’s best to admire the view from a bit of distance. Most drivers love their car as much as you love yours. In most cases, you’ll have no bother. But you don’t want to get caught up with anyone tempted to race you. And you definitely don’t want to be on the receiving end of any testosterone or adrenaline fueled road rage. Take it easy, enjoy the ride, and be safe.

 

When it comes to finding a new car, there is so much to take on board that it is almost impossible to consider everything at once. For 2017, it looks as though we are set for a whole range of exciting new vehicles, from many different badges. Among the usual suspects, there are also a lot of underground, little-known or underrated cars, and it’s these that we will be looking at today. If you are keen for a new drive which is likely to impress your friends, but without overspending, then take a look at the following. Here are some hot picks from early 2017.

2015 Subaru BRZ tS STI

Subaru Impreza

When you go to a reynella Subaru dealership, you often know what you are likely to go for. But this year, this might well have changed, especially given the sheer range of some of the new vehicles out there in the world of Subaru. One particularly fascinating catch is the Subaru Impreza, a stylish and genuine all-rounder of a car which is unlikely to break the bank for most drivers. With a famous four-wheel drive performance and an easygoing ride on the roads, this is a vehicle which is a delight to drive. 2017’s edition brings in a new size to the Impreza range, namely a five-door hatchback, so it is ideal for even larger families now. However, you can still get hold of a saloon version if you don’t have need for all that extra space. You don’t get a choice with the engine, though – but as it’s a 1.6 four-cylinder beast, that shouldn’t be too much of a problem.

Volvo XC90

When it comes to the truly understated, the Volvo XC90 is almost the perfect example. Built beautifully, with a great sense of style in every corner, the XC90 is a car which is bound to delight motorheads everywhere. Something which really adds to its all round appeal is the way that Volvo has filled it to the brim with a huge range of clever technologies, something which is bound to make it popular in time. As for how it rides, it is enormously comfortable as both a driver or passenger, and it has that reliable badge that you know you can trust. All in all, this is a practical car which families in particular will find beneficial in a number of ways. However, if you want air suspension, you are likely going to have to pay through the nose for it, and you do only have the one kind of engine to choose from.

Skoda Kodiaq

If you are a fan of an SUV, then the Skoda Kodiaq is probably going to prove to be a rare find of that caliber. With plenty of space for just about any family on earth and a polished and classy interior with all the works, this vehicle is one sexy and smooth ride, and it really stands out this year as an underrated immediate classic. Practical and full of space, the Kodiaq also benefits from a selection of strong and sturdy engines to choose from. Consider the Kodiaq if you’re looking for something a little special in 2017.

Summer. It’s the best season. The days are long, the nights short, and it feels like you just have more time. Maybe you can finally take that road trip you have been planning. Maybe that’s on your mind as you head out to your car, your mind lost in the reverie of the things you will do and the things you will see. It’s going to be amazing…

You unlock your car.

 

You’re finally going to have the chance to…

 

You open the car door.

 

… see those…

 

You poke your head inside the car door.

 

Actually, you’re not going to do any of that, because your car is a microwave. You feel the tide of heat rising from it the moment you open the door, like being enveloped in a hug by stifling warm air. You feel like you’re beginning to sweat the moment you are wrapped in its embrace, clinging on to you like a distant relative at a family reunion.

 

Settling into the driver’s seat, the feeling just becomes worse. You touch the steering wheel, the fabric of which seems to have been replaced by woven molten lava. You jam the air conditioning on in the desperate desire for relief, but it’s going to be awhile before it kicks in. While you wait, you slowly suffer in what feels like a torture device rather than your vehicular pride and joy.

 

There’s no doubt about it; summer has its upsides, but for your car? Not so much. The sun might have its uses when it comes to cars, but the heat generated from a stationary car in a sunny spot is definitely not one of them.

 

So, rather than moaning about this problem for the umpteenth summer, what can you do about it?

 

#1 – Cover Your Car

 

There’s no doubt about it; this works. It’s best to cover the entire car rather than just the windscreen, as any window is a potential magnifying glass for the heat of the sun’s rays. This will massively reduce the external temperature of the car when you step inside it. It won’t be perfect, but it’ll be better.

 

The one downside of this is that you have to do it every time you get out of the car. Do you have the patience to put a cover on at every stop you make while running errands? Or pull the cover over in the staff car park at work when you’re running late? If not, then you could try…

 

#2 – Tint The Windows

 

If you don’t want to have to constantly be wrestling with several yards of fabric, then car window tinting could be the solution for you. The protection offered will make a difference to the car temperature whether running or standing still, as well as offering your skin protection from the potentially-harmful UV rays.

 

This is well worth considering if you’re concerned about your car heating up throughout the day at various points.

 

On a final note…

 

It’s worth mentioning that the above solutions have little effect when it comes to a convertible – if you leave the roof down, that is. You’ll see this happening in car parks across the land through summer. The result? Not only will the interior of the car be hot enough to fry an egg on, but it will also prematurely age the seats and upholstery. Convertible drivers: put the roof up and then try one of the methods above!

It’s easy to put selling our car to the back of our mind. But you need to ensure you keep the car at a good value. After all, you don’t want to sell the vehicle for pittance. Otherwise, you will struggle to have much money to put towards getting a new car. But a lot of people are confused at how to keep a car at a good value. Therefore, here are some top things which can reduce a car’s value.

Not going for a regular service

 

A lot of people go through years of owning a car without putting it through a service. After all, as long as it’s running okay, they don’t think it needs to be checked over. In fact, they often leave it until a problem surfaces before taking it to a garage. But if you are not getting it regularly maintained, there might be a ton of issues bubbling under the surface. So when you come to sell, you might find you get little for the car. And if you haven’t had many services on the vehicle, it likely that you won’t get as high an offer. After all, it can bring down the value if you can’t prove you have had services done. Therefore, ensure you do take the vehicle for services to ensure the car stays at a good value. They will also check and identify any problems, and any looming issues, so you know about them, and can get them fixed before they affect the value!

Getting into an accident

 

It’s always hard to avoid a car accident. After all, as much as we can control our vehicle, we can’t be responsible for other people’s driving. Therefore, they might knock into you without you being able to do anything about it. And unfortunately, once you have had an accident, it can reduce your car’s value. In fact, even if you have had repairs and replacements completed, it can bring down the value of the vehicle. You might even look into diminished value appraisal so you can make a claim for the loss of the value. But to ensure the car keeps its value, you need to try and avoid an accident. Always keep an eye on the road so you might spot any accidents about to happen. And fit your car with extra safety features to help you avoid an accident.

 

Poor interior condition

 

It’s not just the outside of the car potential buyers will be looking at when you come to sell your vehicle. They will also look at the interior of the car which can help them to make a decision. And if you have a poor interior, it could drag down your car’s value! In fact, it could make them offer you a lot less for the vehicle than it’s worth. Therefore, to avoid this occurring, get the car cleaned from top to bottom regularly. That way, you can avoid permanent marks in the car. Also, make sure you have good floor mats which will collect any food and drink stains! You can replace these, so you have new mats when you come to sell to ensure your car stays at a good value.

 

And try and avoid stacking up on the miles. Opt for walking and biking as much as you can do instead!

Electric cars are important, they are the future! They are going to transform our world, from a polluted mess to a clean and better system. Or that is what the manufacturer would have you believe anyway. But do you know enough about electric cars to make a decision on whether to get one and if so which one? Keep reading to learn more.

2017 Ford Focus Electric

Electric is cleaner than petrol

Electric cars are such a big deal because they run on electrical current and not by burning petrol or diesel. Petrol and diesel are combustible fuels that release out fume into the atmosphere.

Specifically, they produce CO2 gas, which is not great for the environment or us humans. In fact, in some places, the abundance of C02 gas causes unmoving smog which chokes people in the streets and is also a contributor to greenhouses gases that are responsible for global warming.

Obviously, for now, much electricity is still produced by burning fossil fuel, but in the future it has the possibility to be even cleaner when our main fuel sources come from the wind, hydroelectric and solar energy. Meaning we can run our transport networks with much less harm to the environment.

Other benefits

Apart from being more environmentally sound, the electric car is also quiet and cheaper to run. Something that makes them a much more attractive option for consumers.

This means we can definitely expect an electric car to become a commonplace part of the automobile landscape shortly.

First electric cars

Rather than being a new phenomenon, in fact, the electric car has been around for over 100 years in some form or another. However, it hasn’t been until recently that they have been seen as a serious contender in the car market.

In 1997 the Prius Made by Toyota was the first hybrid car. That is a car that works on electricity and fossil fuel. But now the market seems to be going towards the plug-in electric vehicle. These are one that gets all of their power from being plugged into recharging points.

Models you need to be aware of

Now you understand a little more about electric cars, the next thing that you need to know is which ones are currently on the market. As well as whether they are any good or not.

1 Hyundai Ioniq Electric

The all-electric version of this car is one to watch. It looks a little different from the hybrid because they have made a few tweaks to improve its aerodynamics. Something that helps the car to travel longer on a smaller charge.

Talking of travelling on a charge the Ioniq has an impressive 174 range. One that is higher than many others on the market at the moment, including the Nissan Leaf below.

It’s also as quiet as a mouse and handles well on the motorway. Although not quite so well on smaller roads.

2  Nissan Leaf

This large booted family hatchback is a great option among the electric cars currently on offer.

It is again, of course, very quite and smooth. Although the Leaf has slightly less of a range than the Ioniq at 124-155 miles depending on the battery pack that you purchase.

As with all electric cars, the government grants makes it a reasonable purchase. However, the fact that it has an insurance rating of 24 makes it quite pricey to run. Although it’s always worth looking around for affordable car insurance from Insurance Doctor, and other companies like them to bring the cost down on these sorts of cars.

3 Kia Soul EV

Now, wardrobe on the wheels might be a bit of an unkind description for this vehicle, but it is a little boxy, and it doesn’t even have a big boot! However, don’t let its looks stop you because this Kia is a great investment.

Not only does this motor have a lot of added extras as standard, yes, even a DBA radio! But it also has some great safety features like airbags and warning sounds as well.

The only place it falls down really, apart from its looks, it’s that its top speeds, are not as fast as other leading competitors on the market. But Kia claims that it has 0-60 acceleration of 10.8 seconds. Not too bad, for an electric vehicle.

The distance range is 132 miles, meaning it’s in the mid-range for its class, and you can expect to pay category 19 insurance for this motor.

Lastly, it was worth noting that the Kia servicing packages are stellar, giving you years of cover for very little money. This is a strength, and perhaps it can be used to offset some of the original cost of the car, as it’s pretty steep, even when the government grant is included.

It’s every car fanatics dream to someday own a luxury vehicle. We see all these machine vehicles on car adverts, in films, and occasionally on the street. It’s only natural that we all start to feel the irresistible urge to fork out a huge chunk of our life savings and invest in one of those beautiful creations. Of course, once you have the money, it’s a different story.

You have a sports car in mind that you’ve always wanted, but what do you need to know before you become the owner of a luxury car? It’s understandable that you’d get cold feet because actually owning such an expensive piece of machinery can be a little nerve-wracking; you don’t want anything to happen to it. Here are some pieces of advice for those of you about to join the sports car club as to what you should know about your new car and how to look after it.

Make friends with the pros.

It’s okay to be an amateur, but you shouldn’t let yourself make the mistakes that most amateurs do when they first own a sports vehicle. Learn from your mistakes before you even make them by befriending some existing luxury car experts who can help to “steer” you in the right direction (if you’ll excuse that awful pun). You can start to learn about good driving habits before you form any bad ones, so as not to damage your vehicle and wear out any parts of the machinery.

 

You’ll also benefit from asking your new sports car buddies about maintenance and repair tips; not just on a self-care basis, although you will need to learn how to look after your car by yourself sometimes, but in terms of which shops are the best ones to go to for accessories or replacement parts. You just need to find friends who are passionate about sports cars because they’ll want to help you; they won’t want to see you wreck a beautiful piece of machinery.

 

Protecting your new ride.

Buying your sports car was likely costly, but you shouldn’t let maintaining it become too costly. As mentioned above, you should be doing all you can to keep your car in good condition; safe and sensible driving habits are important to ensure not only that you don’t wear out the car’s brakes, clutch, and other important parts but also to ensure that you don’t put yourself in risky situations on the road. Protecting your car needs to be a priority if you want to avoid further costly fixes and repairs. You’ll definitely want to look into your options when it comes to a car insurance quote because you want to be covered at a fair price for the protection of your beautiful machine, should the unthinkable ever happen.

Get it serviced regularly.

This is perhaps the most important point on the list. Getting an average car serviced regularly is important for safety reasons, but the importance of this is amplified when you’re dealing with a luxury car. You could be looking at forking out huge sums of money if something major goes wrong on the road, and that’s why you want to be sure that you’re frequently getting your sports car serviced (especially if you’re driving it most days).

Luxury car owners are popping up all over the world now thanks to the accessibility and ease of obtaining one. However, since money can buy you pretty much any luxury vehicle you want, a lot of their owners are rich individuals that don’t actually have a passion for cars—they just want something flash and fancy. These are the types of people that dump luxury sports cars once they’ve grown tired of them, or they mistreat them and make avid car enthusiasts cry in their sleep.

2018 mercedes amg gt

Don’t become one of those people. Don’t mistreat those beautiful luxury cars out on the market today and give them the respect and love they deserve. In order to achieve that, you’ll have to brush up your knowledge on car maintenance, but if you’ve got no idea where to start, then you can at least make some friends who are passionate about luxury sports cars. To give you a hand, here are a few people that you’ll want to make good friends with if you plan on investing in a luxury vehicle.

Your local auto repair shop

 

It’s not uncommon to hear of mechanics that overcharge for repairs and maintenance. However, if you make good friends with them or pick a reputable auto repair store that values customer service, you can avoid exorbitant costs and get a realistic estimation on your repair costs. There are many mechanics that take advantage of clueless luxury vehicle owners by charging them extreme amounts of money for parts repair and replacements. However, if you personally know the owner or mechanics and socialise, they’re less likely to rip you off and more likely to give you the truth when it comes to replacements and parts.

 

Your insurance company

 

No one likes the incredibly high costs of car insurance, and just the thought of trying to insure a luxury vehicle will probably put many people off ever investing in one. However, the insurance costs are justified when you realise that your vehicle is highly sought-after. It’s going to become the target of theft, vandalism and since they can be quite fragile, you might end up scratching and denting it more often that you’d like if you aren’t a careful driver.

 

Luxury car experts

 

Whether you meet them online or in your local neighbourhood, make sure you befriend a couple of experts with more knowledge than you. They’re going to be invaluable sources of advice and they can recommend you everything from good driving habits in bad weather to websites where you can purchase accessories for your vehicle. They’ll also assist in tuning your vehicle or even helping you pick one for your needs. These experts are passionate about their hobbies and they’re usually welcoming of new people into their communities as long as you don’t flash your cash around or appear like a know-it-all.

 

Owning a luxury car is a thrill that not many people get to experience in life, so if you’re successful enough to purchase one, you should take care of it as best you can and making friends is a fantastic way to do so.

When you spend thousands of dollars on a new car, you’ll want to make sure it lasts as long as possible. Nobody wants to pay for repairs during the first few years. So, you need to ensure you consider the essential maintenance tips mentioned on this page. If you do that, you stand a decent chance of decreasing costs and making sure your vehicle works as expected. You don’t need any engineering skills, and none of these processes will take a long time. At the end of the day, cars require attention if you want them to run smoothly and get you from A to B in a reliable manner.

Check the oil once every two weeks

 

The oil in your car helps to ensure your engine works correctly. The guys from  Auto Repair say far too many people forget about that issue. When you purchase a new vehicle, you should make sure it comes with an instruction manual. That document will tell you everything you need to know about the right type of oil for your automobile. It will also tell you how often you need to check the levels and change it. In most instances, using your dipstick once every couple of weeks should suffice. Keep a stash of oil at home in your garage so you can top it up whenever required. Failure to do that could mean you damage many different parts of your engine. A car operating without enough oil will never provide the smooth ride you desire.

 

Check tire pressure every three weeks

 

The last thing anyone wants is for a tire to blow while they’re traveling at high speeds. You could end up causing an accident or worse. That is why you must get used to checking the pressure when you visit the gas station. Most of those places have devices you can use for free. Some of them charge a small fee for the service, but it’s worth the expense. Again, you will find everything you need to know in the car’s manual. It should tell you the ideal air pressure for your tires. So, you just have to use that information to ensure you’ve covered all the bases. The process will take less than five minutes, and so there’s no excuse for overlooking that important maintenance.

 

Remember to take the car in for services

 

New cars often benefit from free services during the first couple of years. That means you won’t have to pay anything for mechanics to check your vehicle. Specialists from Ingenie outlined the necessary tests recently. With that in mind, you need to make sure you always take advantage of that deal. The professionals assessing your vehicle should notice any issues before they become dangerous. They will fit replacement parts and ensure your car drives as it did the day you bought it. After a couple of years, you might have to put your hand in your pocket to pay for the services. Still, it’s worth spending the money if you want your vehicle to stay in working order.

People who follow the advice from this page should manage to increase the working life of their new cars. Most folks tend to sell them after around three years, and so you’re just protecting your investment. You will never get a decent price for the vehicle if it has engine issues. So, make sure you use the information you’ve read today to ensure your car stays in tip-top condition.

importing van to UK tips

First things first – you need to follow the law. Follow these 5 steps before you do anything else when importing a vehicle.

1. Inform the HMRC

You must tell the HMRC that you have brought a van into the UK permanently within 14 days of the van arriving. For every day after the two weeks that you have not reported it, you will be fined £5 per day.

2. Pay all outstanding costs

These costs include the total VAT and duty fees on the whole van as well as the delivery charge and any accessories that may have come with the vehicle. You will be informed of this total cost by the HMRC after you have completed step 1.

3. Get the vehicle approved

To prevent pollution and accidents occurring any imported vehicle must go through a series of checks to ensure that it is safe for UK highways. If you are importing within the EU e.g. if you are importing a German van, there are fewer tests that need to be carried out. If you are importing internationally e.g. a van from Japan, then you must get a certificate of mutual recognition.

4. Register and tax the van

In order to complete this step you must have completed steps 1-3 already.

In order to register the van in the UK, the vehicle must not have been permanently registered in any other country before and the current model of the vehicle must not have been discontinued within the previous 2 years to date.

5. Insure your imported van

No matter where you are importing from or even if it is a grey import, you must get authentic and reliable specialist imported van insurance. Not only is this a legal requirement in the UK, it will also protect yourself and your van in the event of an accident in the future.

Driving in adverse weather conditions is when the true worth of your driving skills will be tested. This means your reaction time, prediction of steering angle needed and adaptive nature will be what eventually saves you from a collision. As the weather becomes harsher, the hazardous event frequency rapid rises with it. Multiple situations which need to be averted will present themselves in a sporadic manner. Being a good driver with the skills to cope is all well and good, but having a car which is equally competent can only be achieved with the proper knowledge and preparation.

Health and safety before all else

You never know when you’ll be caught out by sudden atmospheric changes, so the first priority is to save life and limb. Buying a first aid kit would in the event of a dangerous accident, potentially save your or somebody else’s life, so this should be in your trunk at all times. The necessities like a jack, spare tyre, wheel nuts and cross tyre iron should also be neatly stored in the back.

Precaution mindset

Staying calm and relaxed under adverse conditions is a lot easier said than done. You mustn’t panic if your insurance doesn’t cover damage to your car due to driver error, as there are alternatives to spring dents with auto body supplies. When you learn how to drive you’re taught the basics of oversteer and understeer, however very little is taught about countersteering.You’ll be driving extra slow, and if the car starts to veer to one side, you should feel the car slipping through your hands, feet, and seat. By having a precautioned mindset, you will be ready to take action in a calm, confident manner. Steer in the opposite direction to the slide, and as the car’s rear starts to get back in the center axis, revert the wheel position to neutral and make tiny corrections; you should be attempting to slow down while you perform this. However, do not use the brake, as the car will swap ends as the brakes will behave like an anchor, whipping the car around. Simply coast along while doing corrections until you get back grip from the tyres.

Snow setup

Before setting off in the morning to work, if there’s been a heavy snowfall during the night you may need to change your regular tarmac tyres to snow tyres. Continental WinterContact TS 860 are currently the best the market can offer. The tread is in the form of a diamond focusing the grip pattern into the center of the tyre while pushing out the snow towards the sides.The quality of the design and rubber used is crucial, as the lower temperatures will cause most tyres to recede, lose their shape and become fragile.

Another precaution you can take is having a set of studded snow tyres, for the most extreme weather or if you live in a twisting road section. Finland is known for rally car racing, and one of the more popular tyres is the Hakkapeliitta 8 from manufacturer Nokian. Really heavy ice, can turn into a thick sludge during the process of melting, and mixed with grit and salt transforms into grave danger. Such is the seriousness, studded tyres were designed for exactly this kind of surface, and the thick slurry replicates large pools of standing water. Under such conditions without chains around deflated tyres or metal studded tyres, the car will aquaplane out of control.